Do we need stickers, always?

I don’t want to sound bombastic. However, when it comes to driving and being on the road, I am generally a whole lot patient simply because I don’t carry the responsibility of their risks on my shoulder. Who knows there is a baby on board, an elderly (with generally impaired reflexes) driving the car, a lady not as adroit and smart as a general driver or just the clumsiness of technology that you cannot brake adequately in time?

I have also noted that, zooming on road helps you save only 2-4 minutes of your time. If you plan and start early, you never have to vroom on the road and increase the risk (for yourself and others). Another titbit I share with my son, that if you are driving by the rule, you reduce the incidence of accident by half. The other half are still caused by others. That is the reason we should all be driving safe and not one person alone.

However, let us own up our part of responsible driving – 

  1. Driving fast only saves 2-3 minutes on a 30-40 minutes commute
  2. Starting 4 minutes ahead is truly not difficult
  3. Despite, if you are late, you won’t miss much
  4. Don’t install (police) detecting radars, getting a ticket (citation) changes our behavior. It is not a criminal offense
  5. Of course, no drinking and driving
  6. No texting while driving

We all need to practice ‘No Texting While Driving’. That isn’t’ a tall order? Sometimes, it feels as though we are asking youngsters to follow abstinence or a businessmen (and few doctors), to be puerile in their ethical practices.

Not sure if my behavior has changed anything but I have noted one thing, it made a difference to me. Being late just matters as much as being on time. I haven’t seen missing much other than being anal to be on time. It does provide me a sense of satisfaction that I am living in a macrocosm where others deserve equal respect.

I received an interesting note on What’s Up. Below is the verbatim.

A car ahead was moving like a turtle and not giving me way in spite of my continuous honking! I was on brink of losing my cool when I noticed the small sticker on the car’s rear!

“Physically challenged; please be patient.”

And that changed everything!! I immediately went calm & slowed down!! In fact I got a little protective of the car & the driver!!! I reached work a few minutes late, but it was ok! And then it struck me. Would I have been patient if there was no sticker? Why do we need stickers to be patient with people!? Will we be more patient & kind with others if people had labels pasted on their foreheads?

Labels like —

“Lost my job”
“Fighting cancer”
“Going through a bad divorce”
“Suffering Emotional abuse”
“Lost a loved one”
“Feeling worthless”
“Financially broken”….. And more like these…

Do we need sticker for the invisible ones?

Everyone is fighting a battle we know nothing about. The least we can do is be patient & kind! Let us respect the invisible labels!

Please share, it’s a matter of awareness. Somewhere, someone may find this game changer and it may change his/her driving and impact an unknown precious life, may be prevent a family from losing their beloved one.

Also visit, Speed – Bumps, Humps and Cushions on https://wp.me/p7XEWW-13T

Speed – Bumps, Humps and Cushions

For long time now, we have been witnessing speeding vehicles within our community. As we all know, this may one day have a calamitous outcome. We had a very healthy discussion on why speed needs to be regulated as well as the pros and cons for different options. Obviously, the city does an initial study on the speeding on these streets but we should all be prepared to exercise our options.

I have discussed the compeling reason behind why speed needs to be reduced, how we are closer to having an accident than before, what are the options and also cited a statistically significant study that shows that installing speed bumps does not affect property prices. It is not a matter of personal choice. It is owning community responsibility preemptively, and not waiting for an incidence to happen.

In conclusion, Radar and Speed Bumps are the best options for controling speed. However, given the non invasive nature of Radar, they seems to be the best way to proceed, however, I would like to hear from you all. Please vote for the different speed calming options after reading this blog.

https://wp.me/p7XEWW-13T

 

Getting it right –

Speed – Bumps, Humps and Cushion –

Speed Bumps: are narrow 6-8” wide long made either of durable plastic or concrete.

Speed Humps: Are wider than speed humps, you can imagine two bumps placed at 1’ – 2’ apart to make a hump. Speed humps are parabolic vertical traffic calming devices intended to slow traffic speeds on low volume, low speed roads. Speed humps are 3–4 inches high and 12–14 feet wide, with a ramp length of 3–6 feet.

Speed Cushions: A flat table that rises few inches and runs across for few feet, more than a hump.

Compelling reason:

 

EV Incidence

In the United States, 32,719 people died in motor vehicle traffic crashes in 2013 (U.S. DOT, 2013). Young people have a higher risk for pedestrian fatalities (Committee on Injury, Violence, and Poison Prevention; American Academy of Pediatrics, 2009), but older adults are at most risk of dying if they are hit (U.S. DOT, 2012). This is mainly because older adults are more susceptibility to injury and medical complications and not an increased tendency to get into roadway crashes (Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, 2013). (US Department of Transportation –https://www.transportation.gov/mission/health/road-traffic-fatalities-mode)

Statistics speaks a lot, hit and run are directly related to three factors – the longer you stay on the road, the volume of vehicular traffic and the threshold the vehicles cross beyond stipulated speed limit. All these factors will affect incidence of traffic.

Pedestrian and cyclist fatalities are increasing nationwide, according to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, and Los Angeles and New York City have the highest rates of those deaths.

Hit-and-run crashes are increasing in many major cities, and hit-and-run fatalities are rising nationally as legislators in several states look to toughen laws to address this troubling “plague.” (Fatal Hit and Run crashes rise in US USA Today)

In a study conducted to understand the epidemic of Hit and Run, three factors were mainly identified. Number of pedestrians on the road, The amount of unauthorized speed above stipulated speed limit and the frequency of both these factors confluencing together. (Los Angeles faces Hit and Run Epidemic).

However, Life is more important than property prices, anytime. No one will disagree on this. If someone differ, they should voice it.

Psychology behind reduced speed

Typically, we are supposed to drive at 20 miles per hour in school zones, and there are many other locations—residential areas, for example—where kids are also vulnerable. Evidence suggests that kids are three times as likely to get hit by a car when traffic speed exceeds 25 miles an hour, since speedy drivers need more reaction time. (https://www.psychologicalscience.org/news/full-frontal-psychology/why-kids-get-hit-by-cars.html); Hit-And-Run Deaths Increase (NPR)

No, Property value does not go down with Speed Humps:

Statistical research conducted by City of Pleasanton reveals exactly that. This study is especially relevant as it removes all inherent and implicit biases that confound our thinking that ‘speed bumps decrease property value’, (see attached link). This City of Pleasanton study revealed below observations –

1) When selecting speed humps, it cannot be demonstrated that installing speed humps will affect property values in any predictable way.

2) No trends are apparent. It is not evident that installing speed humps in a neighborhood will affect property values in any predictable way.

What should we believe?

Unbiased research are always insightful as they remove our preponderance to trust our personal preferences. City of Pleasanton provides that objective study removing that bias and establishes the fact that speed bumps don’t decrease property prices.

Google search will reveal data for and against speed bumps (and its association with property prices). It is normal for us to choose data that supports our observation. This is called inherent bias or selection bias. Let us not fall pray to our own biases.

While news links were shared on the Whatsup group showing an association between property prices and speed humps, veteran realtors strongly advocate that installing speed bumps increase the value of neighborhood as it decreases the chance of speeding and any eventual accident. Well, it is common sense to know these are selection biases. Either side uses data that supports their argument. The only way to resolve this is rely on a study that is based on statistical procedures that rule out any inherent bias. City of Pleasanton has that reliable data.

What are the different options for traffic calming?

Various speed calming methods are in use. Vertical deflections (speed humps, speed tables, and raised intersections), horizontal shifts, and roadway narrowing

  1. Stop Signs (not effectiveness)
  2. Radar Monitored (effective)
  3. Speed Bumps/Humps/Cushions (most effective)
  4. Road Diets (very effective)

Effectiveness of options –

Posting Speed Limit signs are ineffective

“Studies have shown that there are no significant changes in average vehicle speed following the posting of revised speed limits,” the city report says. “By and large, drivers choose their speed independent of the posted speed limit.” http://trafficalm.com/stop-signs-ineffective-traffic-calming/

https://www.dallasnews.com/news/mckinney/2010/04/17/McKinney-neighborhood-petitions-for-lower-speed-8467

Radar Speed Calming devices

Radar Speed Signs are considered Effective, Reliable and Affordable. Radar speed signs, also known as driver feedback signs, are traffic calming devices designed to slow speeders down by alerting them of their speed. They are being used across the country, and around the world, because they are effective at slowing speeding drivers down. Tests repeatedly show that:

  1. Speeders will slow down up to 80% of the time when alerted by a radar sign
  2. Typical speed reductions are 10-20%.
  3. Overall compliance with the posted speed limit will go up by 30-60%.
  4. Radar speed signs are particularly effective at getting “super speeders”—speeders driving 20 mph or more over the posted speed limit—to slow down
  5. Radar sign offers driver feedback signs that are attractive, easy to operate, and affordable. Our signs are constructed with a rugged design for durability, are weather and vandal resistant, and are 100% MUTCD compliant (https://www.radarsign.com/)

Radar Speed Display 1

Another web site has more options – http://trafficalm.com/

Radar Speed Display 2

Speed Bumps/Humps/Cushions – These are the most effective as they deter speeding vehicles. A slow vehicle has no impact.

“Road diets” are one approach to traffic calming. Road diets involve a reduction in the width or number of vehicular travel lanes and reallocate that space for other uses such as bicycle lanes, pedestrian crossing islands, left turn lanes, or parking.

US Department of Transportation has a web site with information on all different TRAFFIC CALMING OPTIONS –

https://www.transportation.gov/mission/health/Traffic-Calming-to-Slow-Vehicle-Speeds

City of Pleasanton Research on Speed Humps and Property Prices – (see below)

EconImpactSpeedHumps[1]

 

The Kill Chain That Underpins The Future War

You might have thought Russia won’t react to the latest coordinated attack over the Syrian chemical weapons unit. Wrong, that is already underway. In my blog on April 13, 2018, I predicted this exactly that Russia will launch a covert attack, not an overt physical.

Future wars will most likely be played to destroy the Information Technology (Digital) backbone that underpins National Defense, Industry, Financial Systems and Essential utilities. We cannot count this as an overstated assumption.

Knowing the Kill Chain can stop Cyber Attacks.

Illustration of CyberKill Chain from BITRATE

I saw this news flash a few minutes ago. In my earlier blog on April 13, 2018, (Closer than Cuban Missile Crisis https://wp.me/p7XEWW-13s), I mentioned that Russia will attack, covertly though and here we are. Russia accused of global net hack attacks.

Russia attempting to hack internet hardware and bring the e-transactions to a standstill. 

This is not a bluster, nor is it a war mongering. It is actually happening and will continue to be seen sporadically with increasing frequency. IT security pretty much mimics physical espionage and spying. In olden days (and even now) they have moles that infiltrated the enemy. The model remains same, except that a malware is installed in place of a mole. That malware observes and reports all the activities on the enterprise or in the case of a state, the critical ecosystem.

A single malware is not enough. Often, multiple agents are installed, constantly listening, watching and gathering the flow of information within the ecosystem wherein, those are installed. They communicate with each other rather notoriously and covertly, unbeckoned by the system monitoring. These are well known tactics in cybersecurity, called as Reconnaissance. In fact, Lockheed Martin has seven step frameworks, called ‘Kill Chain’ to identify and mitigate those attacks (also called as Advanced Persistent Threat or APT in short. After Target and Sony hack, industry is fast moving towards mitigating those attacks.

What started as an individual prank is not outgrown to become state army. Often, certain countries are considered to have state sponsored hacking. Most cited examples are China, Russia, North Korea and Iran. However, others such as UK, who recently attacked ISIS, are not lagging behind.

It is interesting to understand and unravel how the future wars are likely to play out. However, suffice it to say, use your electronic gadgets or anything connected wirelessly or wired, with all industry supported best standards. Maybe, you may fall victim and serve as an entry point to those intruders. Avoid being a victim. Protect your nation.

UK And US Accuse Russia Of Hacking Home Routers In Global Cyberattacks

U.S., U.K.: Russia launching global cyberattacks aimed at internet traffic controls

Lockheed Martin Kill Chain Demo

My Illustration on Kill Chain

 

Closer than Cuban Missile Crisis?

Will this attack trigger a war, possibly a catastrophic one that may draw in multiple countries from various continents? Will these countries risk such participation for the sake of Syria? Russia definitely has increased the decibel on rhetoric. It has already mentioned that this will trigger a wider conflict. Barring Cuban Missile Crisis, never were we so close to confrontation even during the cold war. How would the dynamics between different countries play out? What is at Stake and what are their arsenals?

It is Friday evening, movie time and I see this news flash that US, UK and France had attacked Syrian targets purportedly harboring chemical weapons recently used on its own people in Ghouta. Will this attack trigger a war, possibly a catastrophic one that may draw in multiple countries from various continents? Will these countries risk such participation for the sake of Syria? Russia definitely has increased the decibel on rhetoric. It has already mentioned that this will trigger a wider conflict. Barring Cuban Missile Crisis, never were we so close to confrontation even during the cold war.

Often times, when authoritarian and despots rule, when reasons are relegated through backdoor, when hegemony dominates ego, we enter an era of incessant and cascading conflagrations. Current times are clearly moments of confluence of complex undercurrents with potential for eruption and disruption of current order. It is only rare to see someone not react to provocation.

Is it so close as Cuban crisis?

Never know… it may go in any direction. However, Russia has no supporters and has no financial buffers. It will only lend itself into deep destruction and disintegration. A smarter Putin will launch covert attacks, not direct physical but cyberattacks, targeting all essential utilities – from finance, electricity, gas, water and anything considered core utilities. That sounds near possibility.

China and Iran will support

China will never be part of such initial conflicts; it’s a institution of smart businessmen. While it wants to enjoy the fruits from such fight, it will always resist being part of such escalations in the beginning. Second, their major customers are US, EU and other developed economy, which are most aligned on one side. Third, it has amassed significant infra debt since 2008, to avoid economic crisis. It is managing the fulcrum but any war will disturb that balance and tilt the economy towards recession, which may trigger other downstream consequences foremost being resistance to the regime.

Iran has no might as of now. At least Pakistan is comparatively powerful than Iran. Despite being proven pariah state at the epicenter of international terrorism, it has more negotiating muscle than Iran.

Russian Capabilities

Russia is a dilapidated economy, no might except rhetoric from strongman Putin. Putin is in wrong place, a shrewd calculative and thorough at the chess of politics, he knows how best to maneuver countries but his own country is economically in shambles and you need money to wage a war. He does not have the sustained fuel for not alone any prolonged war but war that matter, with any western nations together.

That does not mean it will seat silently. Putin will never let his strongman credibility be destroyed. In fact, that hand wringing behavior has provided Russia with billions of dollars from countries like Syria, Iran to sustain its economy. So it has to continue leveraging that nuisance potential to get that foreign currency. Letting the nuisance value die amounts to letting the source of currency to dry. It is equally true that it cannot wage a direct war. The only option left is playing covertly and creating disruptions. All these developed economies are built on digital (computer/IT) technology. That technology has gaping security holes. Russia, China and N Korea have displayed the might of their state to bring this down with cyberattacks.

My earlier blog on coalescence of chaos has few interesting observations  https://wp.me/p7XEWW-12x

US and allies launch strikes on Syria chemical weapons sites

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-43762251

Sliping times, Shifting sand…

As Kamel Daoud said in Ney York Times, ‘The country produces, sponsors, shelters and feeds the Islamism that threatens its foundations and its future’. That shift away from radical religious ideology towards a more moderate Islam will have deep influence and impact on the current times of religious acrimony and bitterness unleashed by radical Islam.

While the Prince is doing the right thing, we want him to succeed. After all, the region has significant history of revolting and falling back to radical conservatism. That change is not just required for Saudi Arabia, that change is required for changing the mindset within the hotbed of radicalism. That change is the need of time and a change that will influence the harmonious existence between Islam and other faith.

… and the sand should not shift underneath our foot.

I woke up to the news on BBC that Black panther can be watched across select theatres in Saudi Arabia. That’s not an isolated reform; it is part of plethora of reforms, the scale of which is unprecedented as compared to the regions similar changes during the Shah of Iran.

This scale and its pace of reforms concern me. Not that those are not required. However, the concern is on an emerging pattern just like Iran, when the Shah was overthrown by the radicals in 1979. That’s where my fear and apprehension lies.

The conservatives or hardliners are so deeply anchored in old obsolete idea of Wahhabism that these changes are too radical for them to absorb. Saudi Arabia is radically drifting away from the alliance between clerics, Muhammad ibn Abd-al-Wahhab, and his rigid conservative doctrines.

The gender equality unleashed by Prince Mohammed bin Salman (Prince MBS), an example of which is the city of Madinah, which will be run by women. Women have got the right to drive, vote, institutional protection by the state and corruption amongst the ruling royal elite has been stemmed, removing guardianship laws that empowers women and makes them less dependent on the men, establishing an Islamic center that validates the sayings of the prophet Muhammed, Israel is no longer considered a pariah state, Saudi is building its own arms and relying less on conventional friend US. Reducing budget deficit, isolating Qatar and stemming support for radicals, openly defying Iran, and harboring an ambition to make a nuclear arsenal to counter Shia Iran, are just few revolutionary theme. The list goes long and I am concerned, the reverberations of these run even deeper.

All these reforms were long awaited for a Kingdom to rise to the aspirations of the next generation and waning oil dependency by the world and consequent reduction of oil revenues. As Kamel Daoud said in New York Times, ‘The country produces, sponsors, shelters and feeds the Islamism that threatens its foundations and its future’.

I wonder if the masses are prepared to take this even if we presume the country is getting ready for Vision 2030. I always think, and it applies to Saudi too, that we need to work with people and then plan to deploy and implement a change. A shift in ideology is always radical change to adopt. If that chasm widen, it generates revolt. That’s the concern with Saudi. We don’t want such nice and welcome changes to turn sour. We don’t want Saudi Arabia to be another Iran. The region has enough history towards backward conservatism.

We forget, social engineering comes before economic and technology transformation. We mostly see the reverse. Our collective conscious and framework of living in consonance and within the realms of nature and our own evolution, creates a milieu composed of culture and artifacts that are deeply embedded within our ethos. Technology, as an isolated phenomenon, is too narrow in its ambit to influence these deep seated influences. However, when a swath of such technology (and related) changes engulf humanity, we are challenged and, collectively as a civilization, we fall back or default to old value system. That’s why, social engineering becomes paramount with such speed of change coming-not alone from technology but from all sides.

Saudi cinema screens reopen on 18 April ‘with Black Panther’

Jewish people have a right to their ‘own land,’ Saudi crown prince says as he seeks ally against Iran

‘This is a revolution’: Saudis absorb crown prince’s rush to reform

I will return Saudi Arabia to moderate Islam, says crown prince

Shifting sands: What is changing in Saudi Arabia?

Transforming Saudi Arabia: Gender equality, economic reforms consolidate Prince Mohammed bin Salman’s authority

If Saudi Arabia Reforms, What Happens to Islamists Elsewhere? (New York Times, Kamel Daoud, Nov 16, 2017)

The Perils of Reform in Saudi Arabia

Anti-Muslim Tweets

These days, it is fashion to pass on slur or incendiary remarks against common innocent Muslims. Despite his/her participation or contribution, the common man is always at the mercy of such malafide treatment. Spare some time to listen to what Sadiq Khan the Mayor of London received as tweets. However, my response should help you understand how best to addresses the core of such aggression against the Muslims.

I cited an example from Mumbai on how Muslims rejected burial for Ajmal Kasab and expressed solidarity with the masses. Such lone incidences provide a solid strand to weave the fabric for social harmony. Is it not doable for the Muslim population at large?

Visit the link at https://wp.me/p7XEWW-12J. Please share if you find it reasonable.

A Muslim friend forwarded me the below clip. These days, it is fashion to pass on slur or incendiary remarks against common innocent Muslims. Spare some time to listen to those. However, my reaction addresses the core of such aggression against the Muslims.

Racial slur against Muslims in actually painful and intolerable. It is definitely an outcome of deranged minds. Give me an example of one sane person who can agree to any of the tweets which Sadiq Khan has shared.

Let’s visit the other side. Commoners form the base of the pyramid. They exists everywhere, in Islam and other faiths. They subscribe to most common apprehension, anxieties and fear.

Let’s look at the Muslim commoners – the uneducated, irrational and poor ones. They feel the pangs of frustration the most. However, they are the ones who are likely to be reactive to such racial slur. No doubt, if they find their back against the wall, they will react aggressively, with animal instincts overriding their wisdom and cognition. We can presume the outcome very well. A mass terrorist act that  incites a ripple of anguish against the name (of the person) that gets associated with the faith he follows. let us admit, there is more aggression amongst the followers of Islam. However, Islam is not the only faith with aggression. We miss the point that those sane, educated and elite don’t protest vehemently against the act of violence (especially during this juncture when it is required the most).

Let us understand the non-muslims who are commenting to Sadiq Khan on Twitter. As mentioned earlier, they are the irrational uneducated that respond to the global scale of violence that has been unleashed by Muslim radicals and mercenaries.

Islam as a faith and ideology never promotes such aggression, it is much misinterpreted faith (see below a clip to make an impression). However, the elite, educated and the clergy within Islam are muted, San Bernandino shooting is an example (2015 San Bernardino attack). They only respond in defense when Islam is affected (most protested the ban on Muslim nations when President Trump promulgated the ban of nationals of those eight countries).

To emphasize, they respond tepidly when a Muslim mercenary (aka terrorists) savagely kills scores of innocents. If these same elite and educated start responding to Muslim aggressors, it will be a show of solidarity with the general masses. That will automatically stop any slur or violence against the innocents.

A noteworthy incident happened in Mumbai. After the 2008 Mumbai bombing (26/11), Ajmal Kasab was found guilty and hanged. The Muslims in Mumbai did not give their land for burial of his body. The lesson here is the expression of solidarity with the general masses. That one incidence played on the collective subconscious mind of the general population. The non-Muslims realized that the Muslims too share their faith and agony.

This is a case in point towards weaving that social fabric on which we all exists. We have to rise above our ideologies, faith and narrow interest when it comes to wider cause such as society and our country.

As I have mentioned earlier, the onus of protecting our faith lies with the elite, erudite and educated. The responsibility falls on them. They should take the gauntlet and spearhead the cause of general social well being.

Social media is responsible but changing the social media policies will only help little. I see social media as a mirror to this looming malafice accumulated from the national and international acts of terrorism, I see it as an expression of the repressed fear and frustration. Changing social media policies towards responsible behavior is essential. However, changing social media policies will not be the best option to address the root cause.

Let’s address the root cause.

Meanwhile, please listen to this select interpretation of Islam. Muslims have a greater responsibility for sharing this.

 

Terror Financing, FATF and Crumbling Edifices

Pakistan has its own inherent challenges, as a country it has really not provided an institution to address bur rather subverted those democratic processes. Protection of the terrorist is the extremist narcissistic reaction and doesn’t address the root cause of alleviating nation and its miseries. Rather protection of terrorism is more of a reaction than a reflection and will only sideline and ostracize it and fall in the hands of Chinese hegemonist and imperialism.

It’s best they give in to international watchdog, renounce support and help eradicate terrorism from its soil and soul. The hope for capturing Kashmir or saving their land from imperialism or disintegration or disintegration is gradually diminishing.

Often, it is perceived that “Pakistani nationals have a peculiar mentality of establishing its supremacy through religion and religious pathways. It carries hatred for other religion and Nations. It’s hard to teach them anything. Hatred for India and Indians is deeply rooted even in the new generation of Pakistan. It’s being systematically implanted and imbibed in their minds, so difficult to eradicate. It’s best we move on with our goals and neglect them. No point proving or sermonizing anything to those Pakistanis…that Nation is on self-destruction mode so leave them to their fate”.

What is felt above is true about the political and military establishment, we have to first differentiate between Pakistan (Establishment) from Pakistanis. I met several Pakistanis in the last few decades. Citizens are like all of us, ordinary gullible and impressionable. What we are fed is what we harbor. We all, irrespective of border, have same concerns, same aspirations in life. No Pakistani or Indian wants a war. We all harbor the same suspicion and the zest to patch over as human.

In fact, when we step out of our country, we all harbor a bias, this includes we Indians and Pakistanis alike. However, those who have shared roots across the border, have a broader perspective and good will. As you leave out side (the country of your origin) for a longer period, you tend to develop a diminished acuity towards those biases. The Pakistani I mentioned is a very moderate one. If you read his note carefully, he just shared the news but we presumed what we wanted to. My response to him was part of a constant emphasis on the establishments vexed approach towards India as a country.

And I have forgotten to tell you, they feel torn apart, they love their country but can’t be part of the restive land. Their ladies are very less conservative than ours, their mindset and forwardism is like those under the rule of Shah of Iran (now dethroned). Many ladies hate to be under veil and they hate all the more to go back to Pakistan. That’s where they have to significantly compromise their freedom, which they so much enjoy here.

Pakistani establishment is different though, over the years, it has become a rallying point for those within the military, to maintain its control over the state and polity. It is not in their interest to have a restful populace. Just imagine the blissful utopian state wherein India and Pakistan are at peace, we have no border skirmishes and no border at all. Do you truly need that army on either side? Fanning those differences is in the interest of the military establishment.

We should avoid mixing religion and nationhood. Not all Muslims hate us as a nation. Muslims as a group has certain idiosyncrasies and those are across the board with other religions. As nations and as people,  we see a different breadth and depth of relations between individuals and nations. It’s only when we have a conflict that we see those problems and Kashmir is an area of conflict.

Peace is all about shared interest and shared conflict. When we move the fulcrum, we see instability.

Interesting reading…

Pakistan – A Rhetorical Democracy? https://wp.me/p7XEWW-11m

Implosions in Pakistan https://wp.me/p7XEWW-Qn

… a broken promise or a grand deception? https://wp.me/p7XEWW-Oo