Mapping The Minefields – 1

Recently, China started expanding into Cape Verde, an island deep in the Atlantic ocean, far away from its borders. To make it simple, closer in the range to strike the US. China is continuously in dispute with all its neighbors. Be it Russia, Mongolia, Vietnam, Nepal, India, Cambodia, Myanmar. Wherever, it land or maritime borders reach, China has a claim. Modus tollen is simple – find a reason – geographic, historical, or whatever, it should become Chinese land. Thus, China’s claim over land within Nepal dates back to 1962, Vladivostok to 1860, Tibet to 1788, etc. I will publish a series of articles on these land encroachment, disputes, and the resolution. https://mymilieu.org/2021/02/26/mapping-the-minefields-1/

(This interesting piece of Chinese nationhood is inexorably less understood. It is interesting to know how China is indulging in land grabbing with every other nation with which it shares the border. I will cover this topic in multiple parts. I will upload cartographic pictures on my blog site).

Competition is always encouraging, especially when it happens to dismantle a 75-year-old hegemony over global affairs. However, anyone will abhor and detest a winner from the competition to be dictatorial, repressive, and regressive.

Are we biased?
Let us hypothesize that we are biased before giving the benefit of the doubt that we are not. Let us analyze our internal bias before we proceed and presume we are not anti-China. It is possible; we have been capsized by Stockholm Syndrome (please read my earlier blog). Several indicators support Chinese Machiavelli. These range from territorial aggrandizement, guzzling raw resources (such as rare earth, premium metals, and upstream river water), South China Sea encroachments, illegal occupation of Tibet, Xinjiang, and Hong Kong, persistent threat to the autonomy of Taiwan, technology (IP) theft, currency manipulation, deftly planned obsolescence, economic exploitation of vulnerable nation and repression of internal human rights. Am I still biased? Well, I have reasons to support that I am not. Yes, I would have been guilty of a bias had I mentioned Ladhak, Dokhlam, encouraging Pakistan terrorism, North East Insurgency, or Kashmir. However, I removed these confounding factors. Suffice it to say, at least I am not biased.

A revival of Great Sly Silk Road
Well, every segment of the border is defined by a different historical year. Nine dash, or Tibet or India, Kazakistan or Vladivostok

The Great Wall of Sand
Nine-Dash, sometimes also called Ten-Dash or Eleven-Dash, depending upon how long and deep you want to extend the conflagration. If you want to claim Spratley, Paracel, and the Pratas Islands, you can debate any approach to settle the scores. Finally, the brute (and now V-Brute) force will determine the Straits of Taiwan’s outcome. Remember, the benchmark year for China’s claim over the South China Seas is 1947/1949.

Tibet – A repression that knows no bounds
Before the 1949/50 Chinese invasion, Tibet was an independent nation, with consulates in Lhasa. Tibet had its national flag, currency, stamps, passports, and a small army. Sensing the Tibetan army’s weakness, China intentionally transferred Hun Chinese into Tibet around 1949/50. For almost ten years, Tibet fought for autonomy, and finally, China occupied Tibet in 1959/60, driving out The Dalai Lama and his monks and destroying their monasteries. According to the People’s Republic of China, Tibet was ruled by the Qing dynasty in the 16th and 17th centuries. However, after that, it was Nepal that ruled Tibet from 1788. Irrespective, the gerrymandering of Tibet by mass transplanting Hun Chinese amounts to a serious violation of the Fourth Geneva Convention of 1949. The Dalai Lama claims that China has killed almost 1.2 million Tibetans since its occupation. The Chinese claim that they have built infrastructure and increased the GDP in Tibet to 30 times. My question to you – Will any amongst you like Chinese infrastructure and GDP at the cost of your freedom? Remember, the benchmark year for the claim of China over Tibet is 1788.

Vladivostok, the Eastern part of Russia, adjacent to China’s eastern part, is claimed by China. Why not? The logic is simple: if you pull an imaginary line on China’s northern border, Vladivostok falls within the Chinese territory. All China has to do is being ingenious to support its claim. History indicates that until 1860, Vladivostok was part of China. However, after the second opium war, Primorsky Krai (an equivalent of a state) and its capital were administered by Russia. Thus, it is just the acceptance of modus-tollen that underpins China’s claim over Vladivostok. Remember, the benchmark year for China’s claim over the Vladivostok is 1860.

Nepal – Rui Gaon, Tegha and Annapurna, now part of China
Up until 1962, the residents of Rui Gaon (translated village) were part of Nepal. The residents there paid revenue (tax) to the district in Nepal. Thereafter, China simply moved the pillars and claimed them to be part of Tibet. Now, Rui Gaon (village) is part of China. The picture mentioned below has all the flashpoints between Nepal and China. Just imagine a reticent Nepal as a belligerent state and provoking a monk (China). One can safely guess that the blue lines will eventually become the future flashpoints between China and Nepal. Remember, the benchmark year for China’s claim over the Rui Gaon, Tegha, and Annapurna is 1962.

The vision of a great nation rests on territorial expansion. The road to connect this resurgent middle kingdom is the Silk Road, also known as the Belt and Road Initiative; the land route connects to the consumer base in Europe. There is always a surplus and scrap; what do we do? Never through the scrap, sell it to Africa. If they don’t have the money to pay, well sell now (on loan) and book the profits later. Truly not an ingenious model but definitely a sly model.

Trumpism in hindsight
I was always mesmerized by the raucous noise by Trump against China. That was the best we aligned. Never realizing that too was shallow and superfluous. While Trump indulged in sensational knee-jerk diplomacy, the state department continuously monitored the Chinese global growth points, irrespective of Hambantota (Sri Lanka), Gwadar (Pakistan), Djibouti, or Cape Verde. It was willful and criminal negligence towards these Chinese Growth Points. Why? When you nominate people with thin resumes or those from your donors, you sacrifice the higher intent of protecting the land. It is willful, and yes, it is criminal because the country, in general, has to face the aftermath of their inadequate decisions.

Cape Verde – An infrastructure Diplomacy
I never knew there is an island country called Vape Verde, almost in the middle of the Atlantic. China helped build a football stadium, a presidential palace, and another $60 million worth of infrastructure investment. So the US has awakened (though under a different administration) to another growth point on the west of Africa.

Gradually and steadily, China is building a minefield for a future confrontation. If we forget history, we are doomed to repeat the mistakes of the past. Material success is not a measure of wisdom, and China seems to have that insight.

Great power competition: the US boosts Africa diplomacy on land and sea
https://asia.nikkei.com/Politics/International-relations/Great-power-competition-US-boosts-Africa-diplomacy-on-land-and-sea

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-pacific-16689779

https://www.culturalsurvival.org/publications/cultural-survival-quarterly/legal-status-tibet

https://freetibet.org/about/china-argument

Watch ‘Vox Borders’, https://www.imdb.com/title/tt9563892/

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